With a dozen racing cars and sporty vehicles from over 100 years, Mercedes-Benz Classic sums up the motto of this year's Goodwood Festival of Speed: "Peaks of Performance – Motorsport's Game-Changers" celebrates competition vehicles that have written racing history with their exceptional design. The spectrum ranges from the Mercedes-Simplex 40 PS of 1903 to Lewis Hamilton's MERCEDES AMG PETRONAS F1 W04 of 2013. In the year of its 50th anniversary, Mercedes-AMG is also strongly represented at the Goodwood Festival of Speed, which takes place from 29 June to 2 July 2017 at Goodwood in the south of England.
Stuttgart. Racing history is always also the history of innovation. This is made clear in a fascinating way by the Goodwood Festival of Speed 2017 with this year's motto "Peaks of Performance – Motorsport's Game-Changers". For, in the fight to gain fractions of a second, engineers have time and again extended the limits of what is technically feasible. And the most successful racing cars to be designed in this way have been genuine game-changers that create new conditions for motorsport and, sometimes, standard-production vehicles.
This year, Mercedes-Benz Classic will have a strong presence at the "world's biggest automotive garden party", showing how such racing milestones have characterised the brand's sportiness for almost 115 years. The large number of vehicles also demonstrates the enduring importance of innovative solutions from the world of racing when it comes to innovation in series production. For example, the Mercedes-Simplex 40 PS of 1903 would have been unthinkable without the Mercedes 35 PS from 1901, which was the world's first modern automobile and at that time dominated the important Nice Racing Week, its victories laying the foundation stone for the success of Mercedes-Simplex models and revolutionising the development of the motor vehicle.
Since then, the history of the brand has seen a succession of pioneering developments in the fields of racing and standard-production sports cars. Mercedes-Benz Classic brings this legacy to life at the Goodwood Festival of Speed with vehicles from across the ages and from different racing formats – including today's high-performance automobiles from Mercedes-AMG.
While some of the vehicles presented by Mercedes-Benz Classic in Goodwood will be on static display, others will be in live action on the hill-climb track with brand ambassadors such as Roland Asch, Ellen Lohr, Jochen Mass, Bernd Schneider and Karl Wendlinger at the wheel.
From the privately owned Mercedes Grand Prix racing car of 1914 (triple triumph at the French Grand Prix) to the Mercedes-Benz Model S, which was unveiled 90 years ago (the first of the legendary "White Elephants"), the range of vehicles on show also includes Lewis Hamilton's modern-day Formula One racer MERCEDES AMG PETRONAS F1 W04 from 2013.
Mercedes-Benz Classic is also bringing to Sussex two iconic Silver Arrows from the 1930s (W 25 of 1934 and W 125 of 1937), which dominated Grand Prix racing in their day. In addition, the AMG 300 SEL 6.8 from 1971, in the form of an authentic replica, and the Penske-Mercedes PC 23 indy car from 1994 bear testimony to the masterly technical achievements of the engineers. Another spotlight will be on three racing tourers used in the German Touring Car Championship (DTM) and based on the W 201, W 202 and W 203 model series.
Two genuine game-changers are currently also up for sale on ALL TIME STARS, the vehicle trading platform of Mercedes-Benz Classic – both being allowed to make the trip to Goodwood before they find a new owner. One of them is a Mercedes-Benz 190 E 2.5-16 Evolution II from 1990, while the other is an AMG Mercedes C-Class racing tourer (W 203) from the 2005 DTM season.
50 years of AMG
At Mercedes-Benz, the powerful, design-based relationship between sportiness and racing is today epitomised in particular by the performance and sports car brand Mercedes-AMG. It was 50 years ago that Hans-Werner Aufrecht and Erhard Melcher founded the AMG company as an "engineering office". This golden anniversary will be celebrated by Mercedes-AMG at the Goodwood Festival of Speed 2017 with the impressive presence of numerous high-performance vehicles. These include the four-door hybrid show car AMG GT Concept, the Mercedes-AMG GT C Roadster and the Mercedes-AMG GT R (fuel consumption, combined: 11.4 -9.3 l/100 km CO2 emissions, combined 259-216 g/km) and the Mercedes-Benz SLS AMG Black Series, which was unveiled in 2013. In addition, reigning Formula One world champion Nico Rosberg and Valtteri Bottas, current Formula One driver with MERCEDES AMG PETRONAS, will be competing on the hill-climb track in an F1 W05 Hybrid Silver Arrow from 2014.
Since 1993, Lord March (full title: Charles Gordon Lennox, Earl of March and Kinrara) has opened the doors of his country estate to the Goodwood Festival of Speed. The four-day festival has long since established itself as one of the main attractions in the global event calendar for classic cars. Visitors can enjoy extraordinarily close contact with both vehicles and drivers. Festival highlights include the races on the historic hill-climb track, the paddock (open to all visitors) with exclusive sporty vehicles from all eras and categories as well as other programme items such as drives on the rally section in the forest on the estate.
Goodwood House and the adjoining park have been in the possession of the Richmond family since 1697. The 9th Duke of Richmond, a passionate racing driver known as "Freddie" to his motorsport contemporaries, established the Goodwood circuit on the nearby airfield after the Second World War. That is where famous races were held from 1948 until 1966. His grandson, the current Earl of March and Kinrara, has successfully revived Goodwood's motorsport tradition with the Festival of Speed (since 1993) and the Goodwood Revival Meeting (since 1998).
The Goodwood Festival of Speed begins on the Thursday (29 June 2017) with the traditional "Moving Motor Show", at which current standard-production vehicles are presented. For the first time in the history of the festival, the Thursday will also see super sports cars competing on the hill-climb track. On the Friday (30 June 2017), the hill-climb track will host races for outstanding sports vehicles of all types "from past, present and the near future", as described by the organiser. On the Saturday (1 July 2017), modern-day racing cars and super sports cars will compete for the fastest lap time — with the crowning finale on the Sunday (2 July 2017), when the fastest time of the festival will be determined.
Goodwood Festival of Speed 2017:
Mercedes-Benz Classic vehicles
The ALL TIME STARS vehicles on show at the Goodwood Festival of Speed are subject to change at short notice.
Mercedes-Simplex 40 HP, 1903
The Mercedes-Simplex 40 HP was launched in March 1902, superseding the legendary Mercedes 35 HP. The suffix "Simplex" was intended to indicate how easy the new model was to operate for its time. Its direct predecessor had defined the motor car's distinctive form for the first time. Characteristic features included the long wheelbase, the light and powerful engine installed low down and the honeycomb radiator integrated organically into the front end, which was to become distinctive for the brand. The Mercedes 35 PS marked the end of the "horse carriage" style that had dominated the industry and is thus considered to be the first modern car. From the very start, the new Mercedes-Simplex was successful in motorsport, with the Englishman E. T. Stead winning the Nice–La Turbie hill climb. In the mile race, the 40 PS models attained speeds of over 100 km/h. Delivered in 1903, the white example from the Mercedes-Benz Classic collection is one of the oldest-preserved vehicles bearing the Mercedes brand.
Technical data of Mercedes-Simplex 40 PS
Production period: 1902 to 1910
Displacement: 6785 cc
Output: 29 kW (40 hp) at 1100 rpm
Top speed: 100 km/h
Mercedes Grand Prix racing car, 1914
On 4 July 1914, Mercedes celebrated a triple triumph at the French Grand Prix. The race over the 37.6-kilometre circuit to the south of Lyons was contested by Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft with its newly developed Grand Prix racing car. The race consisted of 20 laps of the challenging circuit over a distance of more than 750 kilometres, with Mercedes facing allegedly unassailable competition. Despite Theodor Pilette and Max Sailer being forced to retire after technical problems, Christian Lautenschlager, Louis Wagner and Otto Salzer in the other cars finished first, second and third after over seven hours at the wheel: the first triple triumph in the history of motorsport. As the rules for the first time stipulated a maximum displacement of 4.5 litres, Mercedes developed an all-new four-cylinder engine with overhead camshaft as well as two intake and two exhaust valves per cylinder. The racing engine had a peak output of 78 kW (106 hp) at a revolutionary high engine speed of 3100 rpm.
Technical data of Mercedes Grand Prix racing car
Period of use: 1914 to 1922
Displacement: 4483 cc
Output: 78 kW (106 hp)
Top speed: 180 km/h
Mercedes-Benz Model S (W 06), 1927
The Mercedes-Benz Model S of 1927 was the first in a series of supercharged sports cars that were nicknamed "White Elephants" and which dominated motorsport in the late 1920s, achieving world fame. The "S" stood for Sport, which says it all. Its first race outing – the inaugural race at the Nürburgring on 19 June 1927 – resulted in a triple victory for Mercedes-Benz. The winner was Rudolf Caracciola, who went on to become the most successful racing driver of the pre-war era. Other triumphs for the brand included a triple victory at the German Grand Prix at the Nürburgring on 17 July 1927. Although the racing version of the Model S was reserved for works drivers, it was also available as an exclusive road-going sports car that numerous private drivers successfully drove in competitions. A total of 146 units were built up until 1928. Two models based on the Model S (for "Sport) were produced in 1928 – the SS (for "Super Sport") and the SSK, with SSK standing for "Super Sport Kurz" ("Kurz" meaning "short") – followed by the SSKL in 1931, with SSKL standing for "Super Sport Kurz Leicht" ("Kurz Leicht" meaning "short, light").
Technical data of Mercedes-Benz Model S
Production period: 1927 to 1928
Displacement: 6789 cc
Output: 88 kW (120 hp), with compressor 132 kW (180 hp) at 3000 rpm
Top speed: 170 km/h
Mercedes-Benz 750-kilogram racing car (W 25), 1934
The W 25 was the first Mercedes-Benz racing car for the new Grand Prix formula that came into effect in 1934 and which stipulated a maximum weight of 750 kilograms. The designers at Mercedes-Benz opted for a traditional vehicle architecture, with the front-installed engine transferring its power to the rear wheels via a transmission on the rear axle. The eight-cylinder in-line engine initially had a displacement of 3.4 litres and was equipped with a supercharger of the kind that had already proved extremely successful on the race track. Legend has it that, overnight, the mechanics sanded off the white paint in order to meet the required weight limit – thanks to its silvery aluminium skin, which now gleamed in the sunshine, the car soon earned the nickname Silver Arrow. With Manfred von Brauchitsch at the wheel, the car was victorious on its very first outing, thereby establishing the unique success story of the Silver Arrows. The W 25 was used from 1934 until 1936, during which time it underwent continuous further development. In 1935, it helped Rudolf Caracciola to win the European championship.
Technical data of Mercedes-Benz 750-kilogram racing car W 25
Period of use: 1934 to 1936
Displacement: 3360 to 4740 cc Output: 260 kW (354 hp) to 363 kW (494 hp)
Top speed: around 300 km/h
Mercedes-Benz 750-kilogram racing car (W 125), 1937
When it started to become clear in the 1936 season that, despite two Grand Prix victories, the W 25 was no longer competitive, the racing department was given its own Technical Director: Rudolf Uhlenhaut. Together with his team, he immediately embarked on the development of a fundamentally new racing car. Having thoroughly tested the W 25 under racing conditions, for the successor W 125 Uhlenhaut chose a revolutionary chassis design with rigid frame, soft suspension and strong damping. The eight-cylinder in-line engine, too, was meticulously improved and, after being equipped with a supercharger and having its displacement increased to 5.7 litres, developed an output of up to 475 kW (592 hp). It was the late 1980s before the same level of engine output was again attained by a Grand Prix racing car. The new Silver Arrow was triumphant in its very first race, the Grand Prix of Tripoli (Libya), with Hermann Lang at the wheel, and went on to dominate the rest of the 1937 racing season. In the end, Rudolf Caracciola won his second European Grand Prix championship.
Technical data of Mercedes-Benz 750-kilogram racing car W 125
Period of use: 1937
Displacement: 5663 cc
Output: up to 435 kW (592 hp)
Top speed: 320 km/h
AMG 300 SEL 6.8 (W 109), 1971
At the wheel of the AMG 300 SEL 6.8 racing tourer, Hans Heyer and Clemens Schickentanz posted a totally surprising class victory on the very first outing in the 24-Hour Race at Spa–F rancorchamps in Belgium on 24 July 1971 and took second place in the overall classification. The winning car was developed by the then virtually unknown AMG, founded in 1967 by Hans Werner Aufrecht and Erhard Melcher in Grossaspach. The modified vehicle was based on the Mercedes-Benz 300 SEL 6.3 which, with an output of 184 kW (250 hp), was absolutely unrivalled in its day. Yet AMG made what was at that time Germany's fastest standard-production automobile even more powerful, the displacement being increased from 6330 to 6835 cc, while the output from the revised V8 engine rose to 315 kW (428 hp). The triumph in the race at Spa marked the breakthrough for AMG and was to be followed by further victories. Although the original vehicle from 1971 is no longer in existence, this faithful replica, produced in 2006, impressively illustrates the start of a success story that has endured for 50 years.
Technical data of AMG 300 SEL 6.8
Displacement: 6835 cc
Output: 315 kW (428 hp)
Top speed: 265 km/h
Penske-Mercedes PC 23 IndyCar, 1994
In 1994, the Penske-Mercedes PC 23 was victorious in the legendary Indianapolis 500 on the oval circuit (Indy 500). The last time a Mercedes racing car had won this prestigious title was when, in 1915, Ralph de Palma triumphed in a Mercedes 4.5-litre Grand Prix racer from 1914. The all-new eight-cylinder turbo engine with 754 kW (1026 hp), the valves of which were controlled via pushrods by a camshaft in the engine block, exploited a loophole in the rules: engines that followed this antiquated design principle were allowed to be operated with a higher boost pressure. This gave the Penske-Mercedes team an extra output of around 147 kW (200 hp) compared to the competition. Al Unser jr. won the 1994 Indianapolis 500 in the PC 23, which weighed just 703 kilograms, at an average speed of 258.9 km/h. After this spectacular victory, the rules were immediately changed, and the Indy 500 of 1994 remained the only outing for the V8 engine.
Technical data of Penske-Mercedes PC 23 IndyCar
Period of use: 1994
Displacement: 3429 cc
Output: 754 kW (1026 hp)
Top speed: 412 km/h
Mercedes-Benz 190 E 2.5-16 Evolution II (W 201), 1990
For use in the German Touring Car Championship, the 190 E 2.5-16 Evolution was produced in 1989 on the basis of the Mercedes-Benz 190 E 2.3-16. As the name of the car suggests, there was now a new engine under the bonnet: the 2.5-litre 16-valve powerplant had an output of up to 250 kW (340 hp). In August 1989, work began on the second stage of development, "EVO II", in an in-house department called Mercedes-Benz sport technik (st). To meet the regulation weight of 1040 kilograms, almost the entire interior was taken out, with a safety cage being installed instead. Kevlar was used for numerous body parts, such as the bonnet, boot lid and spoiler. Now with an output of 274 kW (373 hp), the "EVO II" made its racing debut on 16 June 1990 on the "Nordschleife" of the Nürburgring – in the 1992 season, Klaus Ludwig won the German Touring Car Championship (DTM) in the car.
The "EVO II" presented by ALL TIME STARS at the Goodwood Festival of Speed is an especially sought-after and rare young classic car. Like all of the 502 units (the number required for homologation), the vehicle is painted in "blue-black metallic".
Technical data of Mercedes-Benz 190 E 2.5-16 Evolution II, standard-production vehicle
Displacement: 2463 cc
Output: 173 kW (235 hp) at 7200 rpm
Top speed: around 250 km/h
AMG-Mercedes C-Class racing tourer (W 202), 1994
In 1994, Mercedes-Benz contested the DTM with a new racing tourer based on the C-Class Saloon W 202. Underneath the reinforced monocoque body with welded steel safety cage, the vehicle boasted some thoroughbred racing technology: the new high-performance machine was based, in accordance with the rules, on a standard-production engine. The engineers at AMG designed a V6 engine that was developed from the 4.2-litre V8 powerplant M 119 and which, with 2500 cc, complied with the prescribed engine size limit. Rotating at up to 11,000 rpm, the engine transferred its power through a sequentially shifting transmission. For reasons of weight, the bonnet, boot lid and aerodynamic attachments were made of carbon fibre/kevlar. In 1994, Klaus Ludwig was crowned German Touring Car Champion in the same vehicle. The following year, Mercedes-Benz competed in the DTM and ITC with the further-developed racing tourer – Bernd Schneider won both series of races, with Mercedes-Benz winning the constructors' championships.
Technical data of AMG Mercedes C-Class racing tourer
Period of use: 1994 to 1996
Displacement: 2499 cc
Output: 324 kW (440 hp)
Top speed: 300 km/h
AMG Mercedes C-Class racing tourer (W 203), 2005
The new DTM having been set up in the 2000 season under the name "German Touring Car Masters", the teams initially competed in silhouette vehicles based on two-door coupés. Beginning in 2004, four-door saloons based on the W 203 model series were then used. The competition vehicle had a load-bearing space frame with roof and side walls of steel, in which the driver's safety cell was integrated. The exterior panels and attachments were made from lightweight and resistant carbon fibre plastic. The new racing tourer was powered by a V8 engine that had already since 2000 proved successful in the DTM vehicle based on the CLK. The C-Class racing tourer was further optimised for the 2005 season, with, among other things, its overall weight being reduced by 30 kilograms and with both the body length and the wheelbase being increased. Gary Paffett won the DTM drivers' title in 2005, while, in the following year, Bernd Schneider was crowned German Touring Car Champion for the fifth time.
The vehicle that is on show and up for sale in Goodwood is on offer at ALL TIME STARS – the vehicle trading platform of Mercedes-Benz Classic. The original vehicle served as a replacement/practice car in the 2005 DTM season.
Technical data of AMG Mercedes C-Class racing tourer
Period of use: 2004 to 2007
Displacement: 4000 cc
Output: 346 kW (470 hp)
Top speed: 280 km/h
MERCEDES AMG PETRONAS F1 W04 Formula One racing car, 2013
The MERCEDES AMG PETRONAS F1 W04 was the fourth Grand Prix racing car of the Mercedes-Benz Formula One works team, which was established in 2010 and is headquartered in Brackley. Nico Rosberg and new works driver Lewis Hamilton – 2008 world champion with McLaren-Mercedes – posted three victories and a total of nine podium finishes. The W04 was a further development of Mercedes-AMG's basic concept from the 2012 season. This racing car was the last to be powered by a V8 engine (FO 108) from Mercedes-AMG's Formula One engine manufacturer High Performance Powertrains (HPP) in Brixworth. From the 2014 season on, the power unit employed featured hybrid technology, which, in addition to the electric powertrain component, included a 1.6-litre V6 engine, also from HPP. Three times in succession since 2014, the MERCEDES AMG PETRONAS F1 team has won both the drivers' and constructors' championship by a wide margin. In 2016, Germany's Nico Rosberg crowned his Formula One career by winning the world title.
Technical data of MERCEDES AMG PETRONAS F1 W04 Formula One racing car
Period of use: 2013
Displacement: 2400 cc Engine speed: 18,000 rpm (max. under FIA rules)
Goodwood Festival of Speed 2017:
The brand ambassadors of Mercedes-Benz Classic
Born on 12 October 1950 in Altingen, Germany
Trained originally as a master automotive technician, Roland Asch initially began his motor racing career as a hobby, but soon began to post victories like a professional: wins in the German Hill Climb Championship of 1981 and the German Motor Racing Trophy in 1983 were followed by his debut in the German Touring Car Championship (DTM) in 1985. In 1988, he finished DTM runner-up driving his own Mercedes-Benz 190 E 2.3-16. In the late 1980s, he came first three times in the overall standings in the Porsche 944 Turbo Cup, and in 1991 won the championship title in the Porsche Carrera Cup. Five wins for Mercedes-Benz in the early 1990s head the list of his various good finishes in the DTM. In 1993, he finished runner-up in the DTM for the second time, and moved to Ford in the Super Touring Car Cup in 1995. As brand ambassador, Roland Asch still has close ties to Mercedes-Benz and can regularly be seen at events behind the wheel of important racing cars from the Mercedes-Benz Classic collection.
Born on 12 April 1965 in Mönchengladbach, Germany
Ellen Lohr came to motorsport from karting, in which she was active from 1979 to 1983. Her greatest triumphs were her participation in the Junior Karting World Championship, along with a first place in the Northwest German Regional Karting Championship. After competing in the German Formula Ford 1600 series (German Champion in 1987) and first races in the DTM (BMW) and the German Formula 3 Championship with VW in 1989/90, she was signed up by the AMG-Mercedes team for the German Touring Car Championship. Ellen Lohr is the first and only woman to date to have achieved a DTM victory, which she won in May 1992 at the motor racing festival in Hockenheim at the wheel of an AMG-Mercedes 190 E 2.5-16 Evolution II. For the 1995 season, she moved to the Mercedes-Zakspeed team, and in 1996 drove for the AMG-Mercedes Persson MS team. In 1997, she competed in the European Truck Racing Championship at the wheel of a Mercedes-Benz racing truck. From that time on, Ellen Lohr has continued to be actively involved in numerous other racing series, including the Paris–Dakar Rally since 2005 and again in truck racing since 2012.
Born on 30 September 1946 in Dorfen near Starnberg, Germany
Jochen Mass, originally a trained seaman, began his varied career in motorsport in 1968 in touring car races for Alfa-Romeo and as a works driver for Ford from 1970 to 1975. During this period, he won the 24-hour race at Spa-Francorchamps in 1972. He also took part in Formula 2 (1973) and competed in 105 Formula One Grand Prix races (1973/74 with Surtees; 1975 to 1977 with McLaren; 1978 with ATS; 1979/80 with Arrows; 1982 with March). In 1984, he piloted a Mercedes-Benz 500 SLC (C 107) in the Paris–D akar Rally. After winning the German Sports Car Championship in 1985 and a stint as a works driver at Porsche until 1987, in 1988 he joined the Sauber-Mercedes team as a works driver. He competed in Group C for the same team until 1991. In the new Silver Arrow, the Sauber-Mercedes C 9, Jochen Mass triumphed in the 24 Hours of Le Mans along with Manuel Reuter and Stanley Dickens and finished runner-up in the world championship in 1989. Three years later, Mass moved to team management of the DTM. Sir Stirling Moss described him as a "soulmate" and as "a driver with a tremendous feeling for racing cars and a high level of expert knowledge, who is familiar with the racing history of all eras". Hence, it is no coincidence that Jochen Mass today competes for Mercedes-Benz at historical events. From the W 125 Silver Arrow to the Mercedes-Benz SSK – Jochen Mass knows and drives them all.
Born on 20 July 1964 in St. Ingbert, Germany
Five DTM titles, 226 races in Mercedes-Benz racing tourers as well as 102 podium finishes, making him the most successful driver: Bernd Schneider is rightly known as "Mr DTM". Although he competed in this racing series for around twenty years, his career began much earlier and also included other titles. He posted his first victories in karting and Formula 3. He also competed in Formula One, the 24 Hours of Le Mans and the FIA GT Championship, which he won in 1997. Yet his finest stage was the DTM, where he celebrated his most glorious triumphs. From 1992, Schneider drove for AMG-Mercedes and won the 1995 German Touring Car Championship for the team, having finished third in the overall classification in both 1992 and 1993. The DTM having been recast as the German Touring Car Masters in 2000, Schneider won the title in 2000, 2001, 2003 and 2006. He also finished runner-up in 2002. In 2008, he announced his retirement from DTM and contested his last race on 26 October 2008 at the Hockenheimring. Following on from this magnificent career, from 2010 until 2014 Bernd Schneider competed in the Mercedes-AMG customer sports programme, again posting one victory after another. In addition, Bernd Schneider passes on his expert knowledge to Mercedes-Benz customers as an instructor at the AMG Driving Academy and is also active as a test driver and brand ambassador for Mercedes-AMG and Mercedes-Benz Classic.
Born on 20 December 1968 in Kufstein, Austria
Karl Wendlinger's motorsport career began in karting at the age of 14. In 1989, he won the German Formula 3 Championship. In 1990 and 1991, the Austrian was a member of the Mercedes Junior Team, along with Michael Schumacher and Heinz-Harald Frentzen, and competed in the sports car world championship. In 1991, Wendlinger switched to Formula One and, from 1994, he drove for the Sauber-Mercedes team together with Heinz-Harald Frentzen. This was followed by outings in DTM, Formula 3000 and the 24 Hours of Le Mans. His main racing successes included winning the FIA GT Championship (1999), first place in the 24 Hours of Le Mans in the GTS Class (in the same year), overall victory in the 24 Hours of Daytona in 2000 and a second place in the 24-hour race at the Nürburgring (2003). From 2004 to 2011, Karl Wendlinger competed for various teams in the FIA GT Championship. With Jetalliance Racing, he finished runner-up in 2007. Since 2012, Karl Wendlinger has been a Mercedes-AMG brand ambassador and instructor at the AMG Driving Academy.